Gestalt Therapy is a therapy belonging to Humanistic Psychology, which is characterized by not being made exclusively to treat diseases, but also to develop human potential.
It focuses on the experience that the person seeking help has in the present moment, in the way of relating to other people, as well as in the way of being in the world and the ability to self-regulate and make their own decisions.
It is a type of therapy that focuses more on processes than on contents. It emphasizes what is happening now, thinking in the present and feeling in the moment. In this sense, we speak of the here and now, not to leave aside the history of the person, but rather that this history is looked at from the present, how the past events are lived, how they affect, etc. today. The person is who he/she is, among others, because of what he/she has lived. It is about looking at the past to understand what our present is, and to resolve from now on the issues that prevent us from moving in the direction we want to go.
From the perspective of Gestalt Therapy, we pay attention to how we act, our perceptions, our emotional impacts and what we do with them. We want the person who comes to therapy to be aware of how he/she influences and is influenced by his/her environment and to become more conscious of the way he/she acts. We also look at how they experience what they do and what happens to them. One of the objectives is to discern what has to do with the past and what no longer makes sense today. In this way, learning to adapt and adjust to each situation, we facilitate the person to discover new and more useful ways of doing things and relating to others.
Gestalt Therapy is also heir to Kurt Lewin’s Field Theory, from which it extracts that the organism (in this case the person) is inseparable, indivisible from the environment, so it affects and is affected by it. Gestalt Therapy stops looking at the individual in isolation to consider him/her as another element of the situation, in such a way that the person creates and is created by the situation, he/she is an actor and an actuator of it.